## The Elements of Arithmetic |

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### Contents

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### Common terms and phrases

acres adding addition alter annex appears apply arithmetic basket begin bushels called ciphers column common denominator contains 18 convenient cost count decimal fraction denominator difference divided dividend divisible divisor equal example EXERCISES expressed farthings feet fifth figures fingers five four given gives greater greatest common measure heap holds hund hundreds inches least common multiple length less lower mark means method mile multiplied names necessary number of ciphers observe once pebbles pence plain pound proceed quantity question quotient reasoning reckon recollect reduced remainder result right hand rule separate seven shillings side signs simple square stand subtract Suppose Suppose it required sure taken tens thing third thirteens thous thousands tion twice units upper usually weight whole number write written yards

### Popular passages

Page 68 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction, Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, and to the product add the numerator; under this sum write the denominator.

Page 90 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.

Page 103 - Apothecaries' Weight 20 grains (gr.) = 1 scruple (3) 3 scruples = 1 dram (3) 8 drams = 1 ounce ( 3 ) 12 ounces =; 1 pound (ft...

Page 89 - To multiply a decimal by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the right as there are ciphers in the multiplier ; and if there be not places enough in the number, annex ciphers.

Page 47 - II.: if the remainder thus increased be greater than the divisor, find how many times the divisor is contained in it...

Page 71 - To reduce a compound fraction to an equivalent single one. RULE. — Multiply all the numerators together for the numerator, and all the denominators together for the denominator, and they will form the fraction required.

Page 89 - Multiply as in whole numbers, and point off as many figures for decimals, in the product, as there are decimals in the multiplicand and multiplier.

Page 49 - When the divisor is 10, 100, 1000, fyc., cut off as many figures from the right hand of the dividend as there are ciphers in the divisor; the other figures of the dividend will be the quotient, and the figures cut off will be the remainder.

Page 102 - Drams make 1 Ounce 1 oz. 16 Ounces 1 Pound 1 Ib. 28 Pounds 1 Quarter 1 qr. 4 Quarters 1 Hundredweight... 1 cwt. 20 Hundredweights 1 Ton 1 Ton. In general, 1 Stone (1 st.) = 141bs. Avoirdupois, but for butchers* meat or fish, 1 Stone = 8 Ibs.